In a step towards self-reliance to fulfill defence necessities and to reduce the dependence on imports, in particular from China, India is all set to supply its first lithium ion (Li-ion) battery.
The imperative Electrochemical research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi in Tamil Nadu, has set up the first indigenous Li-ion fabrication facility that has applications in defence, sun powered devices, railways and different high give up usages. the facility is to begin business degree manufacturing in two months.
“it is the primary time that we are able to have our own technology and potential to supply Li-ion batteries regionally. this will assist in slicing fees in addition to our dependence on the overseas marketplace,” professor Vijayamohan ok. Pillai, CECRI Director, told IANS. CECRI is part of the Council of scientific and business studies (CSIR).
“In two months we are able to acquire capability to supply as a minimum 100 batteries in a day at our lab,” he added.
Over 33 billion Li-ion batteries are used globally. China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and some Western international locations are the foremost manufacturers of lithium ion batteries. India has a thousand million users of lithium ion batteries, generally used in mobiles and laptops.
CECRI has also invited buyers for mass production.
in keeping with experts, mass production of indigenous Li-ion batteries would reduce the price manifold in comparison to the imported batteries.
“Imported batteries are very expensive. The domestic programme can carry the charge down”.
For now, one hundred percentage of Li-ion batteries or cells are imported.
“some buyers have already proven hobby. A Canada-based NRI is willing to put in a plant in India. On June 3, we’ve (former DRDO leader) V.ok. Saraswat touring our fabrication facility. His go to gives wish for true investments,” Pillai stated.
The CECRI era consists of answer for a 400 mAh (milliampere hour) battery to strength solar lanterns. the other variations have special user-cease abilities, inclusive of heating energy equipment and those utilized in firing torpedoes, for which India procures batteries from France.
“The application is likewise for railway lighting fixtures and signalling, for which Indian Railway majorly makes use of lead acid batteries which can be polluting. Railways additionally use Li-ion batteries which might be imported and steeply-priced,” Pillai stated.
however, home manufacture of Li-ion batteries for laptops and cellular phones nonetheless seems a far off dream.
“For laptops and mobiles, we have a long manner to go. although there is a plan, we need to understand that we for now do not have that sort of understanding here and rely on China, Japan and Taiwan. they have several years’ head-begin,” stated Pillai.
He added that despite the fact that India produces its own Li-ion batteries for laptops and mobiles, “we will no longer be capable of justify the fee”.
Beside Li-ion, to cope with India’s bold smooth strength programme, CECRI is likewise working on indigenous “zinc bromide redox go with the flow battery”, with target potential of 500 Watts.